What’s required to begin franchising a business?

Raising Cane's

Photo: Flickr Creative Commons 2.0, photo by Mr. Blue MauMau -Raising Cane’s

The United States is filled with successful franchises, ranging from small businesses slowly spreading their reach to Fortune 500 conglomerates with a global empire.  Many times, the average consumer is oblivious to whether an establishment is operated by a franchisee, which is the business that receives proprietary knowledge and rights from the larger business, or by a franchisor, which is the larger business that provides a franchisee with proprietary knowledge and rights.  Continue reading

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Legality of Surcharges to Offset Rising Wages

St. Regis Bali breakfast

In-Suite Breakfast Experience – St. Regis Bali, photo by Matt@PEK, CC 2.0

With the passage of both local and state minimum wage increases, the hospitality industry has looked at surcharges to off-set the costs of a labor force, which has traditionally looked to tips for much of their actual compensation. The state minimum wage is to incrementally increase to $15 per hour by 2022.  Some localities, particularly San Francisco, exceed this amount. Continue reading

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CityLab: Can Craft Breweries Transform America’s Post-Industrial Neighborhoods?

Interesting article in Atlantic Magazine’s CityLab by renowned urban economist Richard Florida: Can Craft Breweries Transform America’s Post-Industrial Neighborhoods?

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Tip Pooling Basics

cash bar tips

Photo by Bob Doran, Flickr Creative Commons

        Though the concept of tipping has developed through custom, a business’s tipping practices are regulated by state law. This is especially true within California.  This series will explain acceptable tipping practices for businesses within the state.  Here, it begins by explaining tipping in California through the lens of property rights. Continue reading

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Marketing Beer through Farmers’ Markets


Guilford farmers market beer vendorCrowds of people regularly flock to farmers markets seeking new brands, new tastes, and an intimate experience with local treats.  For much of California, and especially the San Diego area, farmers’ markets can operate year-round as a great tool both for selling product and marketing a brand.  The California legislature’s passage of Assembly Bill 2004 and Assembly Bill 774 allows for beer to be sold at farmers’ markets.  This means that craft breweries have an entirely new market to advertise and sell their products, letting its beer take its place as a piece of local pride amongst other local foods and drinks. Continue reading

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SB 384:  The Legislation to Extend Hours of Operation



Gaslamp Quarter, San Diego, CA by Leandro Neumann Ciuffo, Flickr Creative Commons

California is on the verge of changing legislation which has been on its books since the end of Prohibition.  Since that time, California alcohol businesses have been banned from operating between the hours of 2 a.m. and 6 a.m., statewide.  If Senate Bill 384 (SB 384) passes, select businesses will be permitted to operate until 4 a.m.  Continue reading

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What are the limitations on Happy Hours?

happy hour sign



Happy hours offer a great deal of versatility for a business to attract new customers and set itself apart from the competition.  As with most marketing in this industry, however, there is a series of rules and regulations which a business must work to comply with in operating a happy hour.   Continue reading

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